Concrete Slab Lift Asphalt Pavement Lift Soil Stabilization – Pueblo, CO

This highway roundabout located in Pueblo West, Colorado had experienced settling of between 2 to 3 inches in areas of the concrete panels. The settlement had occurred as a result of poorly compacted soils. The settlement of the slabs had created a negative drainage situation, causing water to pool against the curb and gutter instead of draining away from the structure as originally designed.

As part of a larger paving project, Martin Marietta, a heavy highway contractor working on the section of roadway that included this roundabout, needed a solution to lift the settled concrete panels and correct the drainage issues the settlement had caused without ob-structing traffic flow through the rounda-bout and connecting roadways.

CST partnered with Martin Marietta to create a repair plan that would allow traffic to continue to flow through the roundabout while the panels and adjoining asphalt were lifted back to original profile. CST’s technologies were used to repair the settled slabs and pavement. The process employs injecting an expanding structural polymer that densifies and compacts soil, fills voids, and lifts settled concrete and asphalt. A rubberized barrier was used to assist injection crews in staging and protecting injection hoses across the roadway which allowed traffic to safely continue through the roundabout during the repair process. Martin Marietta used a water truck to wet down the roadway and panels to assist CST’s injection crew in locating and correcting the areas of settlement prior to beginning injections.

The settlement and soil compaction issues were efficiently and effectively addressed and corrected while allowing traffic to continue use of the roundabout and roadways during the repair. The con-crete panels and adjacent asphalt pavement were lifted back to original design profile which corrected the drainage problem.

The repair was completed in less than a day, preserving the existing concrete, correcting drainage, and guarding against future damage erosion, settlement, or damage to this roundabout structure and adjacent roadway.

CHALLENGES
Maintaining traffic flow during repair.
Safely staging injection equipment in the roundabout area.
Restore drainage away from the concrete panels.

BENEFITS In situ, no excavation repairs
Little to no downtime
Fast, cost -effective, permanent
Preserves and extends the life of existing structures & pavement

Union Pacific Railroad Crossing Lift Realignment and Soil Stabilization

A Union Pacific Railroad Crossing at the entrance of the Mountain Cement plant located in Laramie Wyoming, had experienced settlement of the precast panels beneath the track.

A soft spot beneath the panels and the presence of water had exacerbated settlement and caused the crossing panels to become misaligned.
Ed Hinker, Union Pacific Track Maintenance Manager, contacted CST to analyze and create a repair plan to provide in situ stabilization and realignment of the crossing.

Due to the location of the crossing, it was imperative that repairs be made quickly, without a lot of disruption to both truck and train traffic utilizing the crossing.

CST partnered with UP maintenance personnel and designed a site specific injection plan to stabilize the soft soils, lift, and realign the precast crossing panels, as well as beneath additional areas of track.

A thorough site investigation was first conducted to identify areas and depths for repair.

CST’s technicians placed injection probes into predetermined locations and depths, installing a high density, expanding structural polymer to stabilize the soft spots in the soil, and lift to realign the settled crossing panels.

Additional areas of subgrade soil were also treated in adjacent track sections leading up to and away from the crossing.
The railroad crossing precast panels were lifted, realigned, and stabilized in a matter of hours. The subgrade soils beneath the panels and areas of track were stabilized to mitigate against additional settlement.

Repairs were made with zero excavation and very little disruption to vehicles accessing the cement plant, or trains utilizing this section of track.

All areas were immediately available for use following the repair.

CST’s soil stabilization and concrete lifting technologies are an efficient and effective way to provide long term, precision repairs without the added expense of lengthy downtime or costly tear out and replace alternatives.

Mine Shaft Head Frame Footer Foundation Stabilization

The head frame support leg foundation on one of the Tronox Alkali Corporation mine shafts had experienced settlement. As a result, movement of the footings had caused the head frame and shaft bucket to shift from center. The issue was discovered as crews and equipment were being lowered and retrieved from the mine shaft.

Tronox Mine Foreman Todd Jackson contacted John Eddins, P.E. with JFC Engineers and Surveyors to investigate the problem. The goal was to find a solution that would effectively align the shaft and mitigate the issue of potential future tilt or settlement.

Stabilizing the foundation of the head frame support and correcting the tilt to safely allow mine crews to use the equipment to access the mine shaft was critical.

JFC Engineers contacted CST to help deter-mine the best solution to stabilize and realign the structure.

CST partnered with JFC Engineers and performed a thorough site investigation. It was determined that the back leg of the head frame foundation would be treated using the Uretek Technologies to stabilize, lift, and realign the structure.

Dynamic Cone Penetrometer tests were performed to determine the condition of soils below the frame’s legs. The tests and analysis revealed that the soil would need to be treated at two depths to lift and to stabilize the soils to assure no future settlement would occur. Injections were made at two depths under the foundation and at the toe of the foundation to mitigate potential slide or settlement in the soils. The treatment was to obtain the target realignment of the structure and the foundation stabilization with minimal disruption to the structure or operations.

Injection probes were placed through the asphalt and into the soils at depth. Injections were made while closely monitoring elevations for movement.

The mine shaft footer foundation was stabilized and the shaft frame vertically realigned. Due to the surgical precision of the injection process, no additional stress to the structure or horizontal movement occurred during the lift. Voids were eliminated beneath the footings, ensuring a strong and stable base to support the heavy load.

The project was completed with minimal disruption and without having to take the equipment off line during the repair. The equipment was immediately put back into use with all repairs done in only two shifts. Most importantly, stability was restored quickly and efficiently, extending the safe use-life of this industrial structure.

“The project was well planned and executed. The back leg foundations were lifted to the established target elevations which brought the head frame structure to verti-cal plumb. The client expressed their ap-preciation and satisfaction with the results” -John Eddins, P.E., JFC Engineers & Surveyors

CHALLENGES
Stabilize the soil beneath this large piece of equipment without having to take the shaft offline or deconstruct the head frame.
Correct the tilt of the head frame to bring the shaft bucket operation back to center.”

BENEFITS
In Situ, Fast, No-Dig Process
Ability to Lift Heavy Loads with Surgical Precision
Long Lasting Repair
Extends Use Life of Existing Structures

Historic Structure Foundation Stabilization – Cody, WY

The Irma Hotel is a beloved historic land-mark in Cody Wyoming. Built in 1902 by William F. Cody, a.k.a. Buffalo Bill Cody. The “Irma”, named for Buffalo Bill’s youngest daughter is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Settlement had occurred on one corner of the structure due to a downspout terminating too closely to the rock foundation. The settlement had caused cracking of the exterior stone masonry and interior finishings of one of the hotel’s guest rooms. It was important to the owner to stabilize the foundation to prevent additional damage without disrupting patrons or having to close the business for a lengthy period of time. It was also important to the owner to repair the foundation without causing additional damage to the original stone foundation and masonry.

Owner Scott Darby contacted CST to evaluate the foundation settlement and provide a solution to repair the problem.

CST first performed a thorough site evaluation and survey of the hotel’s foundation and settlement.

An injection plan was designed. Injection depths and locations were determined and survey benchmarks placed.

The crew then placed probes into the foundation soils and installed high density structural polymer at the predetermined depths.
CST’s low pressure injection process is an ideal solution for historic structures. The polymer expands, filling voided areas and restores bearing capacity of the soil to support the structure and mitigate against future settlement.

CST completed all injections along the foundation in one working shift without need to close the business during repair.  Foundation soils were efficiently and effectively stabilized, protecting the historic structure against future settlement and damage.  The technology is performed without excavation and provides a fast, clean, and long lasting solution.

CST’s foundation stabilization and lifting technology is well suited for historic structures where high pressure grout or alternate methods may cause damage or alteration of the original structure.

CST’s foundation repair and soil stabilization technology helps preserve and protect the original integrity of historic structures.

Riverton Utah Commercial Void Fill and Soil Stabilization

In early February of 2018, a major water line break caused significant voiding be- neath the floor slab of a large commercial retail warehouse in Riverton UT. The pressure of the water was so great, in addition to causing large voids beneath the floor, it actually cracked the slab, and push water through the control joints in the concrete, flooding portions of the store. Scott Davis with Kleinfelder Engineering contacted CST concerning the damage, looking for an in situ solution to fill the voids. Soil testing performed after the water line break revealed that the soil compaction beneath the floor was good, but the voided areas would need to be filled. The solution would need to be performed without having to move permanently installed shelving units and merchandise and be completed without a lengthy closure for the business.

CST partnered with Tradesmithe Property Management and Kleinfelder Engineering to design an in situ repair plan to fill the voids and provide continuous , uniform subgrade support. The solution needed to provide a minimum of 6,000 PSF compressive strength of the soil and maintain dimensional stability for the life of the structure. CST’s in situ soil stabilization technologies employs a high density, expansive structural polymer injected through small holes directly through the floor slab and into the subgrade soils. The polymer, in it’s liquid state travels along finding voided areas and expands to fill and re-compact the compromised soil. Injection holes are very small and are filled with grout once repairs are complete. Once cured, the polymer reaches a much higher compressive strength that easily exceeded what was required for this project.

Once all voided areas were identified and marked, CST installed ESP material and completed void fill on a total area of 26,000 SQ FT.  All repair work was completed in 3 nights, allowing the business to stay open during the day.

Due to the highly advanced injection techniques and equipment, permanent shelving units and merchandise did not have to be moved in order to make the repairs.

The repair process efficiently and effectively restored compaction to the sub- grade soils and provided a solid solution to extend and preserve the useful life of the floor slab and structure.

CST’s polymer injection process does not require excavation and is environmentally friendly while providing fast, clean, permanent results.

  • Locate all voided areas and complete repairs without moving permanently installed shelving features and
    merchandise.
  • Permanently installed shelving, fix- tures, and appliances could not be moved during the repair.
  • No excavation required.
  • Environmentally friendly.
  • Little to no disruption to business.
  • Extends the useful life of existing slabs and structures.

Colorado Bridge Approach Slab Settlement Lift

Bridge Approach Slab Settlement Repair – Crystal Valley Parkway, CO

Asphalt Pavement Lift of a Bridge Departure where the Subgrade had settled and the pavement needed to be lifted

In Castle Rock, CO, along the Crystal Valley Parkway, the Town of Castle Rock, CO was experiencing bridge approach slab settlement of 1,900 SF of bridge approach, departure, and sleeper slabs on two bridge ends and adjoining pavement. Settlement of adjacent sidewalk had also occurred causing an unsafe driving situation as well as dangerous conditions to pedestrians utilizing the crossover sidewalk area. The unstable subgrade reaching below the sleeper slab would need to be treated to stabilize the area before mill and fill of asphalt pavement could be performed.

Bridge Approach Slab Settlement Solution

CST partnered with the Town of Castle Rock, utilizing their Deep Injection process to treat unstable soil, lift the slabs, and realign sidewalk and pavement areas. Dynamic Cone Penetrometer soil tests were performed to correctly identify the weak soil zones. Injection tubes were placed at depth and expanding structural polymer injected to densify and provide stabilization of subgrade soils. Once the soil is stabilized, injections are continued to provide lift and realignment of the slabs and overlying pavement. The CST Deep Injection process provides proper support to the soil and heavy sleeper slabs to mitigate against future bridge approach slab settlement and movement, while also providing a solid subgrade for pavement.

Repairs were made in two shifts while allowing traffic to continue utilizing the area vs. time and money spent to reroute. Foundation soils were significantly strengthened to mitigate against future settlement. Bridge approach and departure slabs were lifted back to original elevation as well as stabilization and lift of sidewalk areas. Subgrade soils were quickly and effectively stabilized to provide a strong base for asphalt pavement mill and fill operations. The added benefit of water cutoff effectively arrests soil erosion within the area. Significant savings to municipalities and tax payers vs. alternative methods of rip out and replace. Extended use life of the bridge, sidewalk, and pavement.